Shortly about SHI
SHI was established in 1919 on the initiative of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Since 1930, the Institute has operated as part of the Hydrometeorological Service of the country, at present the Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (Roshydromet).
The Institute is a leading research organization in the Russian Federation for the study of water bodies, solution of hydrological problems concerning modern water management and assessment of surface water resources.
The Institute's research activities are based on the use of diverse and comprehensive information: data collected by the state hydrological network; material obtained by specialized water-balance observation stations, marsh stations, observing posts for evaporation from water, soil and snow; unique observation materials from the field experimental facilities of the Valdai SHI branch; data from the “Water Cadastre/Register” of the Russian Federation; and field data accumulated from many research expeditions.
The hydrological experimental bases of the Institute have received international recognition: Main Experimental Base (MEB) in Ilichevo village of the Leningrad region and the Valdai SHI branch located in Valdai town of the Novgorod Region. The Unique Channel Laboratory and Reference Hydrometric Automated System are operating in the MEB. Valdai SHI branch originated as a small runoff field station which has become one of the world's largest hydrological experimental sites and has received the status of the UNESCO International Research and Training Centre for Experimental Hydrology and Hydro-ecology.
Victor Glushkov led the Institute since its foundation in 1919 until 1930
Valerian Uryvaev, talented scientist and organizer, headed the Institute during the period 1942–1968. The Main Experimental Base and Valdai SHI branch were established by his initiative
Alexei Sokolov headed the Institute in the period 1968–1981. During these years the Institute was involved in diverse scientific areas with rapidly-developing international cooperation. The number of staff in the Institute exceeded 1400
Igor Shiklomanov preserved the main scientific potential of the Institute in the difficult conditions of the transition period of the 1990s. Research and hydrological applications were well developed, and national hydrology achieved international recognition
Since 2011 the Institute has been led by Vladimir Georgievsky, Doctor of Geographical Sciences
Since its foundation, the Institute has published articles in more than 500 periodicals. A number of works carried out with the participation of the Institute have been awarded prestigious national and international prizes.